What to know about Estonia’s general election

TALLIN, Estonia — Nearly a million people are eligible to vote Sunday to choose Estonia’s 101-seat Riigikogu legislature, where the outgoing prime minister and his Center Party is pitted against the centre-right opposition Reform Party.

Both want to keep at bay a nationalist, far-right party with an anti-immigration, xenophobic and euroskeptic agenda, which has increased its popularity since the last election in 2015.


Ten political parties and 15 independents — totalling 1,099 candidates — are up for election.

The main contenders are the Center Party, whose backers include ethnic Russians who make up 25 per cent of the population in this former Soviet republic; the centre-right Reform Party that advocates liberal economic policies; and the Social Democrats, focusing on social and welfare issues.

Juri Ratas has been heading a coalition of his Center Party, the Social Democrats and the conservative Fatherland since November 2016, when the previous, centre-right government collapsed after internal disputes and a lost confidence vote.


Polls show the nationalist, far-right Estonian Conservative People’s Party, known by its acronym EKRE, has gained in popularity in recent years. Led by father and son Mart and Martin Helme, it claims to represent true Estonian values. The party has harshly criticized the European Union’s compulsory quotas for taking in refugees.

EKRE’s rhetoric has led the main parties to say there’s no place for the populists in the new government, no matter how well they do in the election.


Top of the list are economic and domestic issues such as taxation and health care, and how to lure back tens of thousands of people who have emigrated — particularly to neighbouring Finland and Britain — leaving Estonia with a shortage of skilled workers.

A few thousand immigrants mainly from former Soviet states are making up for the labour shortage. The government is keeping a tight annual quota on workers from outside the EU — a particular irritation to the flourishing startup scene.

All parties agree that Estonia is an active EU member and a staunch Washington ally, and that NATO is the cornerstone of the country’s security policy. But Russia has maintained interest in the military and security affairs of Estonia and its Baltic neighbours since they joined NATO in 2004.


A Feb. 25 poll commissioned by Estonia’s public broadcaster ERR based on 4,700 respondents showed Ratas’ Center Party could win 28 per cent of the vote, up from 24.8 per cent in 2015, with the Reform Party coming in second with 24 per cent. EKRE is on 17 per cent.


One of Europe’s most wired nations, Estonia in 2005 was the first country in the world to use online balloting for a national election. About 26 per cent of voters had cast their ballot via a dedicated government website by the deadline of Feb. 27. No online voting takes place on the election day.

Candidates have been trained to secure their home pages in case of hacking, and Estonian authorities closely track fake news and disinformation.

Estonia’s electoral committee has so far reported no attempts from Russia or elsewhere to interfere with the election, either through hacking, fake news or disinformation. Microsoft said last week that Estonia wasn’t among countries targeted by a hacking group with alleged links to Russia before the EU parliamentary elections in May.

The Associated Press

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